International Women’s Day is held on the 8th March every year. It is a global day celebrating the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women. It first started in the early 1900s when the industry grew dramatically.
1996 Celebrating the Past, Planning for the Future
1997 Women and the Peace Table
1998 Women and Human Rights
1999 World Free of Violence Against Women
2000 Women Uniting for Peace
2001 Women and Peace: Women Managing Conflicts
2002 Afghan Women Today: Realities and Opportunities
2003 Gender Equality and the Millennium Development Goals
2004 Women and HIV/AIDS
2005 Gender Equality Beyond 2005; Building a More Secure Future
2006 Women in Decision-making
2007 Ending Impunity for Violence Against Women and Girls
2008 Investing in Women and Girls
2009 Women and Men United to End Violence Against Women and Girls
2010 Equal Rights, Equal Opportunities: Progress for All
2011 Equal Access to Education, Training, and Science and Technology: Pathway to Decent Work for Women
2012 Empower Rural Women, End Poverty and Hunger
2013 A Promise is a Promise: Time for Action to End Violence Against Women
2014 Equality for Women is Progress for All
2015 Empowering Women, Empowering Humanity: Picture it!
2016 Planet 50-50 by 2030: Step It Up for Gender Equality
We have interviewed five women about their thoughts on women’s rights and how some jobs could be considered as ‘sexist’. The five women are: Miss Wilford, a modern foreign language teacher. Melanie Goodchild, an accountant. Jo Latham, a business owner. Katharine Fox, an engineer and Kerry Bambrick-Sattar, head of a pharmaceutical company.
Each woman was asked the same five questions and one different relating to their job. The five questions were:
What is your position?
Do you consider certain jobs as sexist, if so what kind?
Do you think it’s harder for women to get into certain jobs?
Did you feel confident applying for your job as a woman?
The final question for Miss Wilford was: Do you think students treat you differently because you’re a woman?
Melanie Goodchild’s question was: What does an accountant do?
Jo Latham’s question was: What’s it like owning your own business?
Kerry Bambick-Sattar was: as Global Head of Training, what does your job involve?
By the end of this video we hope you realise that women should be treated as equally as men within careers around the world. Women have gained more equality as years have gone by but still lack the same equality as men. Just because of someone being a different gender doesn’t mean to say they can’t do the same things within a certain job. Women deserve to have the right to be treated exactly the same!
For our report, we are combining two different occasions- Science week and International women’s day. Women scientists are appreciated in today’s society but they haven’t always been. Men have always played a bigger role than women but even today, women need more recognition for the work they do.
The first male scientist was called William Whewell who is well known, however, the first female scientist remains unknown. Despite this, Marie Curie is one of the most well-known scientists, and is normally referenced in a conversation when it comes to famous scientists. Marie Curie discovered two new elements: polonium and radium. Although Marie Curie discovered some really interesting and important facts, in our opinion she doesn’t get the acknowledgement she deserves. There were also many other female scientists dedicated to their work. Some women have made the biggest scientific discoveries in history: Rosalind Franklin researched the structure and formation of DNA leading to further discoveries in her work, and Lise Meitner worked on nuclear physics.
In our video, you will see us interview our female science teachers. They are very dedicated to their work and make Science fun- not that it isn’t already! You will also see two exciting and interesting experiments, also conducted by our female science teachers.
Jobs – why so important; find out why in National Careers Week.
This week 1,700 secondary schools, 80 universities and 400 colleges will be taking part in National Careers Week. National careers week is a celebration where people come together to inform people of the importance of good quality careers, guidance and opportunities dotted across the UK. It has been going for 5 years and runs from the 7th to 11th of March this year. It also highlights the importance that career options represents.
It is vital that you get the best careers advice at the right time. Also it is crucial that you get this crucial decision right and it will pay off immensely. It means that you can make the right choices for your future and gain the skills and knowledge that you need to reach your goals.
It’s essential for young people to know what their available options are. This is why the National Careers Week (known as NCW) is an important event in the yearly calendar. This week is a stepping stone for young people looking for careers guidance and offering free resources to provide a focal point for guidance activities at this important stage in their lives and it helps give a supporting leg to people looking to take the plunge.
The resources and support offered in National Careers Week encourages people who need support or ones who want to give it. They are united through hard work and perseverance backed by information on career options and advice.
Resources are rife; teamwork, time managing and organisational skills. All is featured in a minutiae tirade that lifts students by the scruff of the neck and catapults them forward in a blizzard of knowledge.
The benefits; students have more confidence when sitting tests and their perseverance is a cut above. This also gives students that Teutonic edge which matters most in the exams hall. They have spades of knowledge and time management skills that are second to none. This is what you see in those achievers; the confident glint that is in their all-seeing eye.
We look today through our helpless eyes at the brilliant people who dominate the economic world. Duncan Bannatyne; a person who, although he had little as a boy, perseveared through a rough city to become a prosperous businessman owning a chain of spas and gyms. He is an idol to many children through his razor sharp mind and cunning brain.
We interviewed one of the owners of local multi-million pound electrical contracting business, IC Electrical for our project. Tim McNeilly is the Contracts Director of ICE and has helped, along with his business associate to build the company for nearly 20 years. We asked him various questions about careers; please view our video attached to this article.
ICE are currently working on a large project at the EcoPark in Surrey; they have recently specialised in economical power solutions.
Tim started his big ideas when he decided to leave school at 16 to initiate an apprenticeship; he began working at an Electrical company, changing jobs a couple of times. After various complications, Tim decided to set up alone, so that he could be under his own ruling – years on, he has been very fortunate to be in the position that he is; doing extremely well at work while regularly signing deals on multi million pound contracts. ICE has also recently formed a business partnership with one of the world’s largest electrical companies based in Finland – ICE provide services across the globe.
Lord Sugar, the multimillionare, is a mogul- former chairman of Tottenham Hotspur, he first employed his father and set up his company at the age of 19. His book What You See Is What You Get is a great source of inspiration and includes how even at a young age, with a dedicated Jewish stepfather, he perseveared through all the troubles that inhabited the business world.
All of these cunning businessmen started off in hard- wearing circumstances but came through in a combination of sweat and toil. Now these sessions can help you at least start in the first steps of these people or it can at least make sure your parents don’t sigh with disappointment when you get your GCSE results!
Why doing well is important for your career: I cannot begin to eulogise about the vitality of getting good results. They are an essential fundamental; a solid layer in a house. It all starts here and if you don’t open new doors it will cost time and money to go back and fix them. Aside from the academic side they carry a clandestine personal benefit as well. It will be a key boost for your confidence!
Why a well chosen career is good: A career is the centre of most people’s action packed lives. It supports them; a place to escape in time of need. It befriends them; without becoming a slave to your business you can discover hidden depths in your job and begin to treat it as a good companion. It may not be as personal as a dog, but the social and mental benefits of a good career is untold. On the business side a satisfactory career is key to a financially secure life. It will provide money as long as you treat it with respect and understanding. A job is your master- binding you to it’s eternal service. Hard work pays off and when you look in the mirror at the end of the day you see a profficient and
healthy person looking back at you. A career binds you, gives you a sense of satisfaction and the feeling of success. The brother you never had; always there for you. The close friend you wish you had; always there to talk to you.
When you choose a career path, you position yourself to look far into the future at your ultimate objectives. Having long-term goals in place will help you stay focused on your ultimate career objectives, rather than moving aimlessly from job to job. Long term jobs guide you.
Your choice of profession can dictate where you live and may affect if and when you marry and have a family. Choosing a career path can help you make other important life decisions.
Balancing a job and school can be hard but it will help you prepare for the hustle and bustle of adult life. It is a situation that requires lots of responsibility and maturity.
At a time of high unemployment in young people there has never been a bigger need for careers guidance to be promoted in education. NCW is a base to inspire our next generation as they enter the world of work! Jobs are the basis of our world, the concrete layer that provides money and economic opportunities. Jobs are what keeps this world together and we can’t lose them now!
Without jobs this world would collapse; jobs keep this highly strung world together. Jobs may also destroy but, in many circumstances, they can also create. Jobs are the sheer basis of life; without jobs there would be nothing. Just think if jobs were non – existent; people would become nobodies, the economy would plummet in chaos – it would be the equivalent of an electromagnetic pulse. This is why jobs are the key of this industrialized world. Let’s hope they don’t, for the worlds sake, run out soon.
Superstitions have over the years have become a normal part of our lives. From when we are children we are told about them through nursery rhymes, television and children’s books. We are taught that bad luck is caused by random incidents such as breaking mirrors or having a black cat cross your path. Stories that started out as old wives tales have resulted in many people going to extremes to avoid them. These include the simple occurrences that most people experience daily, for example stepping on a crack. In this article, we will explain the history behind these household myths.
1. Walking under a ladder
This superstition dates back to the medieval times where the ladder symbolised the gallows, the place where people were hanged. Ladders were typically propped up against the gallows to help the person who had the job of removing the dead bodies. It was believed that when someone walked under a ladder, it was a sign that he or she would face death by hanging.
2. Black cats
The superstition of black cats dates back to the middle ages when black cats were thought of as companions to witches and evil demons. It was believed that a black cat crossing your path blocked your connection to God and the entrance to heaven. This paranoia led to mass felicide, the killing of black cats, and the killing or severe punishment of their owners. Black cats were also put in prison in some cases.
3. Broken mirrors
The superstition of broken mirrors dates back to before metal or glass mirrors were even invented. When looking into a pond, pool or bowl of water it was believed that if the reflection looked distorted a disaster would strike. The ancient Greeks, Hebrews and Egyptians produced mirrors made out of brass, silver or gold, as they were thought to be unbreakable and possessed magical abilities. If a mirror was broken, it was thought that seven years of bad luck would be cursed upon the person.
4. Open umbrella
The origins of this superstition are still being debated. Some believe that it dates back to the early Egyptian times when umbrellas protected people, mainly royalty, from the sun. Umbrellas were thought to ward off evil spirits. To open one inside or even in the shade it would offend the God of the sun.
Horse shoes are considered to be good luck when hung upside down on a door. Many believe this act draws the good luck floating by to the location of the horseshoe. If a horseshoe is hung with its legs pointing downwards, it is thought that the good luck would spill over the door and stop evil from entering.
This superstition dates back to the bible as in the Book of Revelation, 666 is considered to be the sign of the ‘beast’ and it is often interpreted as a mark of Satan and represents ‘the end times.’
7. Step on a crack
This superstition dates back to the early 20th century when it was common to tell children stories about the bad things that would happen if they stepped on a crack. For example, they were told that they would be eaten for lunch by bears. Another superstition about stepping on a crack is that the number of cracks stepped on is linked to the number of bones you will break in your body.
8. Friday 13th
The superstition of Friday 13th is fairly recent, dating back to the late 1800s. Friday has long been considered an unlucky day, according to Christian beliefs Jesus died on a Friday, and 13 has a long history as being an unlucky number.
9. Bloody Mary
The superstition of the Bloody Mary has taken different forms over hundreds of years. Through all the different versions a few aspects always stay the same: a vengeful spirit known as Mary that can be summoned through a mirror. The ‘ritual’ to summon Mary is normally completed by chanting her name or a phrase expressing belief in her existence into a mirror. Phrases such as ‘Bloody Mary killed your wife,’ ‘hell Mary,’ ‘I believe in Mary Worth,’ or simply ‘Bloody Mary’ are believed to summon her ‘spirit’ from the mirror.
10. Find a penny
This superstition is thought to stem from ancient times when metals were thought to offer protection to people from evil spirits inside the pennies. Some people believe that finding a penny heads up can bring good luck but finding it tails up can bring bad luck to the person.
Some believe that the penny superstition evolved from a pagan ritual ‘find a pin and pick it up; all day long you’ll have good luck,’ as this is very similar to the more recent rhyme: ‘find a penny, pick it up and all day long you’ll have good luck.’
11. Bless you
The custom of saying ‘bless you’ after a person sneezes originates from Pope Gregory the Great who allegedly said it to people who sneezed during the time of the bubonic plague. Blessing someone after they sneezed was linked to the idea that the soul left the body during the sneeze and that the heart momentarily stops. Saying ‘bless you’ was a way of welcoming person back to life.
12. Knock on wood
To knock on wood or to touch wood is supposed to help ward off unlucky consequences, banish evil spirits, to undo something that is said and that could possibly tempt fate. It was also seen as a thank you gesture to the spirits or to God for bringing good luck and blessings. Today it is acceptable to knock on wood-like surfaces for good luck or knock on their own heads if no wood is available.
13. The number 13
This is a well-known mythological tale which originates from when 12 Gods were invited to dine at Valhalla a banquet hall in the city of the Gods. Loki the God of strife and evil went to the dinner uninvited and therefore raised the number to 13. When the other gods tried to remove Loki, the favourite among them, Balder, was killed after a struggle ensued. Many people still shy away from the number but there is no real evidence to show that 13 is an unlucky number.
Next week, from the 14th 18th of March is National Apprenticeship week. Many apprenticeships will be offered that week from teachers to mechanics, cleaners to police men and many more. During this week, many businesses offer more apprenticeships; this has dramatic effects on both the apprentices and the employers.
Apprenticeships are one of the best ways to learn about a career. students need apprenticeships so they can learn how the job works and get training for a career, as sixth form and further education are not for everyone.
The Apprenticeship Week is a week to celebrate apprentices. Apprenticeships give young people a taste of their ideal job. Some people may say “An apprenticeship can take you anywhere”.
Apprenticeships are one of the best ways to try out a job and see what they’re about. Apprenticeships take about 1-4 years of learning depending how well you take in the information. Many young people have apprenticeships and normally start one as soon as they leave education or after sixth form. The bonus of an apprenticeship
is that you get paid for working.
An apprenticeship gives young people plenty of opportunities, as well as many life skills that will help them in later life in their careers.
On Wednesday 9th March Sean and I went to the Pirelli Stadium to interview Nigel Clough – we were part of the Junior Press Conference for schools in the Burton upon Trent area, during the conference we got the pleasure to speak to Nigel Clough.
We asked him what he looks for in a player. He told us that he looks for character and then he looks for ability. But, for a captain, he looks for someone who can still motivate his team even when Burton Albion are losing!
Another question we asked was, what changes have you made to the way you play to ensure you win the league. He thought it was too risky to change the way Burton Albion play with only eleven games to go. He also said he may try to get the full backs to attack more.
We asked Nigel Clough why Burton Albion are doing so well when they have only just really been promoted from league two. He thinks it is down to momentum – “when you are in the momentum of winning and doing so well it is hard to stop,” he said it was the same for losing as well.
Nigel thinks that Wigan are the biggest threat for the title of the top of the Npower League One. This is because of the strength of their squad and how much money they have compared to every other team in the league. He is still very determined that Burton Albion will win the league.
The manager he admires the most would be Mauricio Pochettino (the Tottenham manager) because he was very respectful when Burton Albion and Tottenham played each other. He also admires how good he is as a manager.
After the press conference we had a tour of Pirelli Stadium, we found out that the Burton Albion team get changed at the Pirelli Stadium and then go to St George’s Park to train as it is near Burton upon Trent. It also has better facilities than Pirelli Stadium as it is where the England football team train. After training they come back to the Pirelli Stadium to get changed and they then have lunch in the largest box next to the pitch. The lunch they have is made by a special chef (sports scientist) who calculates how many carbohydrates and how much protein they have in their meal to make sure they keep healthy and have enough energy for their training and matches.
We also learned that the pitch had a dip on each side so that the water drains to the side of the pitch. They also have borrowed a machine which replicates sunlight to help the grass grow – the main parts of the pitch that it works on are the areas that are shadowed by the stands. For the pitch the average cost for a year is around £10,000, however this year they have spent around £60,000.
We were also fortunate enough to speak to a player called Mason Bennett:
When asked, what it is like to be part of a professional football team, he responded by saying that it is great and that it is something that he has always wanted to be part of one, it is a dream come true. He said to us that he gets a great feeling and more energy when the crowd chants and sings his name, this makes him work harder.
We also got a few pictures with Mason Bennett.
Here is one of them (a selfie with Sean).
We really enjoyed our time at the Pirelli Stadium.
When Duncan began learning at Paulet High School, he knew he possessed a passion for reading, even though he was only 11 years old. After discovering a well-stocked library within the school, his enthusiasm for reading increased even further. He began to spend most of his school mornings there, engrossed in one book or another. By the end of Duncan’s first week, he had read a total of one million words. His teachers noticed his increasing enthusiasm for reading, and as a result of his progress, his form won the accelerated reading competition. This is a quiz system which runs from year seven to eight, designed to encourage young readers by rewarding their progress. Duncan read more words than everyone else in his year group combined! The rest of his form were happy to share his prize.
After three weeks, Duncan had read two and a half million words, which equates to around forty long books, and the effects soon became visible in his vocabulary. He began to use words that were highly advanced for his age, and his grades steadily increased – which certainly pleased his teachers. Duncan’s attitude to reading is optimistic for his future, as shown in our interview with him:
“Reading is my life; it is certainly tiring but in later life I hope to reap in the benefits.”
Duncan’s future aspirations include reading a total of 50 million words by the end of year eight, that’s 24 million words in four months! He is definitely an outstanding 12 year old, and we wish him all the best with his goals. We only hope that he does not run out of books to read!
For many years, images of perfection have ruled our lives. From wanting to be ‘one of the crowd’ to trying to avoid embarrassment, we all strive to avoid displaying our individuality. As a species, we are constantly changing our appearances like chameleons. Every day, we look into the mirror, and are never fully satisfied with what we see. And so we continue to strive for perfection, evolving and learning from our mistakes. But what if perfection does not exist? What if we are always aiming for an unreachable, ever moving boundary?
Gradually, we are becoming too alike; we leave school and exchange one uniform for another in order to remain ‘on trend.’ We are not just losing our original appearances and personalities, we are losing our identities. Every day, little by little, we are forgetting who we truly are. Trends are not guidelines, they are becoming rules, orders that must be followed in order to remain ’one of the crowd.’ From our clothes to our individual likes and dislikes, we are altering our personalities in order to ensure that we do not become the one jigsaw puzzle piece of society that does not fit.
Every day, we observe our appearance in the mirror. However, we are never fully satisfied with what we see, as we always notice a certain flaw that makes us self-conscious. Even those who believe that they have achieved perfection possess nagging doubts as they assess themselves on a daily basis. As teenagers, we seem to believe that others expect us to be ’perfect.’ We automatically assume that everyone is analyzing our clothes, make up and the way we style our hair. Waking up in the morning and wondering how to meet the standards of others is not at all pleasant.
And so, we spend an incredible amount of time wondering about the opinions of others. Instead of worrying about what others may say or think, we should embrace our own individuality and enjoy life without fearing not fitting in with ‘the crowd.’ Basing our lives around what others may think is not okay, as if we all aim to blend in with others, we shall our lose our identities. Instead of being concerned about the judgment of others, we should allow our true personalities to shine through, as we are all perfect in our own unique way. Perfection is not a goal post, nor is it a status that can be achieved by living by what others may think or say. In actual fact, we are all perfect, as perfection is an individual concept. If we all believe that we are not good enough, we shall never truly be able to accept that the only boundary between ourselves and our ideal vision is belief. And if we are all confident enough to display our identities, we are no longer held back by the restrictions of our invisible master.
All teenagers experience an element of insecurity, and most remain reluctant to allow their true personalities to shine through. We are constantly trying to impress others, and by aiming to please we also pray that we will be noticed for our ‘uniqueness.’ Following examples set by others does not allow us to earn the title of being unique. As individuals, we should be able to set our own examples.
The invention of social media has encouraged us to search for idols and visions of supposed perfection. Once in a while, we should ensure that we put down our mobile phones and reflect upon what is really important. Remember that your real friends are the people whom you can always depend upon, and not an irrelevant number displayed upon a screen. It is our desperation to be ‘liked’ that drives us to alter our appearance in order to meet the standards of others. In the long-term, does it really matter how many times our posts have been ’liked,’ or how many people follow our lives on social media?
If we all choose to alter our appearance in order to become a part of ’the crowd,’ we will all become identical to each other; a species that not only breathe the same air, but share the same thoughts, fears and ideas. We are all being controlled, yet we choose not to break free. Individuality is what makes us a species. If we all base our identities around others, we become one person, and if we are all one person, we are not a species. We no longer think for ourselves.
Therefore, we should speak up and act now because together, we can break the chain.
All over the world people have passions; passion for sport, passion for fashion, passion for animals, but one passion sticks out the most, music.
Millions of people across the world have an extremely strong passion for music, whether they are in a band, or they just simply listen to music by themselves, music plays an important part in all of their lives.
For many people music is an escape, they find comfort in the lyrics of their songs and feel at ease when watching a band they love play live.
Many students perform in musical concerts to show their love of music and how talented they are at playing different types of musical instruments such as: guitar, piano and drums.
All around the world there are many music festivals that take place in many countries that focus on many different genres: indie, pop, rock, country etc.
I have interviewed Mrs Slaney about her interest in music and the musical talent she has. Mrs Slaney has even been involved in several bands and has performed at many concerts. Mrs Slaney is a very talented person with a gift for music which you will see from my video interview.